Controlling Your Blood Pressure
One in three adults has high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Less than half have it under control. Often symptoms of hypertension go unnoticed and without treatment, the likelihood of developing heart disease or having a stroke increases. The best prevention is knowing your numbers and taking action to control your blood pressure and protect your heart. Please take the Controlling Blood Pressure Survey.
Know Your Numbers - What do your blood pressure numbers mean?
The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked. Learn what your blood pressure numbers mean to you and your health. Take the pledge to track and lower your blood pressure!
Working together with your doctor to manage high blood pressure
- Ask about your blood pressure at your annual checkup. If you have high blood pressure, talk to your doctor about steps to take to control of your blood pressure to lower your risk for heart disease and stroke. Regularly check it between appointments either at home or at a pharmacy with a blood pressure monitor.
- Track your blood pressure readings. Keep a log of your blood pressure levels (PDF) and questions to ask your doctor (PDF).
Self-Monitor Your Blood Pressure Regularly
Learn how to correctly monitor your blood pressure at home to help keep you in a healthy range. Remember to follow the advice of your doctor or other health care professional.
Helpful Tips to Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring
- Be still. Don't smoke, drink caffeinated beverages or exercise within 30 minutes before measuring your blood pressure. Empty your bladder and ensure at least 5 minutes of quiet rest before measurements.
- Sit correctly. Sit with your back straight and supported (on a dining chair, rather than a sofa). Your feet should be flat on the floor and your legs should not be crossed.
- Measure at the same time every day. It’s important to take the readings at the same time each day, such as morning and evening.
- Take multiple readings and record the results. Each time you measure, take at least two readings one minute apart and record blood pressure levels (PDF). If your monitor has built-in memory to store your readings, take it with you to your appointments.
- Work together with your doctor to manage your blood pressure. Share results of BP log at your next visit or communicate them to your physician’s office in a timely manner.
Lifestyle Changes You Can Make To Manage Your Blood Pressure
- Enjoy regular physical activity
- Eat a well-balanced diet that’s low in salt
- Manage stress
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Limit alcohol
- Quit smoking
- Take your medications properly
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